The Sun divinatory meanings
Quite simply, the Sun indicates wealth, success, and happiness in the family. Look to the surrounding cards for where that wealth and success might come from. When weak, the Sun indicates the reversal of fortunes and problems in the family.
The naked child mounted on a white horse and displaying a red standard has been mentioned already as the better symbolism connected with this card. It is the destiny of the Supernatural East and the great and holy light which goes before the endless procession of humanity, coming out from the walled garden of the sensitive life and passing on the journey home. The card signifies, therefore, the transit from the manifest light of this world, represented by the glorious sun of earth, to the light of the world to come, which goes before aspiration and is typified by the heart of a child.
But the last allusion is again the key to a different form or aspect of the symbolism. The sun is that of consciousness in the spirit – the direct as the antithesis of the reflected light. The characteristic type of humanity has become a little child therein – a child in the sense of simplicity and innocence in the sense of wisdom. In that simplicity, he bears the seal of Nature and of Art; in that innocence, he signifies the restored world. When the self-knowing spirit has dawned in the consciousness above the natural mind, that mind in its renewal leads forth the animal nature in a state of perfect conformity.
Material happiness, fortunate marriage, contentment.
The same in a lesser sense.
Book of Thoth
Give forth thy light to all without doubt; the clouds and shadows are no matter for thee.
Make Speech and Silence, Energy and Stillness, twin forms of thy play.
Glory, gain, riches, triumph, pleasure, frankness, truth, shamelessness, arrogance, vanity, manifestation, recovery from sickness, but sometimes sudden death.
The meanings for the Sun are fairly simple and consistent. Note that even when reversed, there is only a diminution of the interpretation, not necessarily the reverse.
Golden Dawn – Lord of the Fire of the World
Glory, gain, riches. Arrogance, display, vanity.
Happiness, Content, Joy.
These in a minor degree.
Light, Explanation. Clarity, Glory, Heaven and Earth. Philosophic Sulfur.
Enlightenment reversed meanings
Fire. Heat, Glimmer. Conflagration. Flame, Passions. Meteors; Lightning Flash, Thunderbolt. Inner, Outer, and Philosophic Fire.
“The walls indicate, that we are still in the visible, or material world.” (P.) This relates to the picture which shows a child on horseback — or two children as in the older editions of the card — playing beneath the bright Sun and evidently within a walled enclosure. So far so good: we are and we remain in this world. And for the rest the Sun is the Sun and this card means everything that astrology can tell about the Sun, in every respect and on all planes. It means the positive or masculine elements in general, the power and function of will and concentration, great benefit and mighty protection in spiritual as well as in mundane life and matters.
19. Le Soleil – Paul Foster Case
Corresponds to the Sun, through the letter Resh. In its higher meanings it is a card of liberation, signifying release from the bondage of lower planes.
Le Soleil – Meanings
In material questions it is usually good, signifying gain, glory, or riches. In general it corresponds to the solar influence in astrology. But if surrounded by very evil cards it may mean vanity, arrogance, prodigality, ostentatious display, and a tendency to intrigue.